Can you even remember what life was like before video technologies like FaceTime or Skype? Out of all of the fantastic tech that the Internet has made possible, video conferencing is by far one of the most impactful (sorry Tinder and Foursquare). Modern video conferencing and video chat technology allow both families and businesses, from anywhere in the world, to talk with one another face-to-face as though they were sitting in the same room.
Thanks to tablets, smartphones and high-speed Internet, video chatting is as simple as pressing an icon from your contacts. But there’s a dark history that led us to this point. Company after company failed over and over again in an exercise in insanity to make video chat technology what it is today.
Here are 8 interesting facts from the history of video conferencing…
01) The first video call was in 1956
The debut of videoconference technology is a lot older than you might expect. In 1956, AT&T started working on a “Picturephone” prototype capable of transmitting still images every two seconds over regular analog public switched telephone network (PSTN) telephone lines.
After almost a decade of testing and refinements, the technology finally made its debut at the 1964 World’s Fair in New York City. On April 20, 1964, attendees at the World’s Fair at Flushing Meadow Park got a chance to place a video call to a complete stranger at the Picturephone exhibit at Disneyland in California.
World’s Fair 1964: Picturephone Booth
02) There were Public “Videophone Booths”
In the summer of 1964, AT&T installed their Picturephone “Mod I” systems in public locations in New York City, Washington D.C., and Chicago. The New York location was in the city’s famous Grand Central Terminal. Callers had to make reservations in advance and pay a large sum of money for short calls between these 3 locations. For example, a call from Washington, D.C. to New York was $16 for every 3 minutes. A 15-minute video call could cost as much as $80 ($610 in 2014 dollars).
Although people were largely curious about the technology, it never caught on and all three locations were shut down a few years later in 1968.
03) Videoconferencing was a Commercial Failure
In 1970, AT&T tried a different approach. Instead of having to go to a public videophone booth, they made the technology installable at your home or office. AT&T offered their Picturephone service for $160 a month for 30 minutes of call time plus $0.25 for each additional minute. AT&T thought the system would be a huge success, but by the mid-1970s, only 500 systems had been installed. According to AT&T, the system failed due to the large size of the system, problems with the telephone infrastructure, the expense of using it, and its clunky, obtuse controls.
04) Hardware Was Massive
If the rest of the telecom industry were paying attention, then they would have realized that clearly bigger wasn’t better and that any videophone technology was probably doomed to fail. Compression Labs, one of AT&T’s competitors, released their own videoconference system in 1982, called the CLI T1, which was not only physically bigger, but even more expensive. The Compression Labs videoconference system cost $250,000 for the hardware and $1,000 an hour to place a call. It was the only video conference system for several years. Another option wasn’t available until 1986, when PictureTel released a far cheaper solution.
05) The Large Hadron Collider Progressed Video Conferencing Technology
Researchers at Caltech-CERN developed a videoconferencing technology called Virtual Room Videoconferencing System (VRVS) to help scientists communicate and collaborate on the Large Hadron Collider Project. It was a huge hit with everyone involved and showed the industry how video conferencing software could be used.
06) The 1st Live Satellite Broadcast was from Afghanistan
The first live broadcast from a warzone using satellite video conferencing technology coming from Afghanistan in 2001 during the opening of the second Gulf War. Reporters were able to use this new technology to send live video reports back their network headquarters for rebroadcast to television viewers. Previously, warzone video reports had to shot, edited and uploaded or risk the exposure of having a giant satellite truck in the middle of a conflict.
07) Skype’s Backend is Based on KaZaa
Three Estonian software engineers, Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasesalu and Jaan Tallinn used the backend from their illegal music-sharing application, KaZaa, to power Skype. The first public version of Skype was released August 2003.
08) The Future of Videoconferencing is in the Cloud
Today, there are a multitude of different video conferencing systems and services out there. Companies like BlueJeans offer cloud-based services along with more conventional hardware-based video conferencing services as well. Businesses and consumers around the globe can easily contact anyone they wish face-to-face using any number of different video conferencing services and devices.
What video conferencing or video chat systems have you used before? Please tell us about them in the comments below.
Powered by WPeMatico